Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is defined as a mental health treatment that has been seen to be useful for a wide array of problems such as anxiety disorders, depression, relationship problems, eating disorders, and severe mental illness.
Several research studies suggest that CBT leads to significant improvements in the functioning and quality of daily life. CBT is better than other forms of psychological therapy or medications.
H2: The Importance of The Personal Meaning
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a two-way approach to treatment, addressing thoughts, and behaviors. The cognitive part of therapy delves deeper into the significance of the personal meaning we hold things to and how thinking patterns begin from childhood. Behavioral therapy is centered on our problems, our behavior, and our thoughts. A therapist trained adequately in CBT will tailor the treatment to the specific requirements of each patient.
CBT is based on different important principles, including:
- People ailing from psychological problems can learn better coping with them, thereby relieving their symptoms and becoming more effective in their lives.
- Psychological problems can be from wrong or unhelpful thinking forms.
- Psychological problems can crop up from learned patterns of unhelpful behavior.
- Rehearsal and constant repetition of new coping skills can lead to the development of sustained functional patterns.
CBT treatment is primarily centered on changing thinking patterns. These strategies might include:
- Gaining a better and more in depth understanding of the behavior and motivation of others.
- developing a greater sense of self confidence in one’s abilities.
- Learning to notice distortions in thoughts that lead to issues.
- carrying out reality checks to challenge irrational thinking and responses.
- Use of problem-solving skills to cope with difficult situations.
H2: Cognitive Distortions
Cognitive distortions are simply ways or thinking patterns that our mind convinces us of something that isn’t true. Such inaccurate thoughts cement negative thinking. The following are examples.
All-or-Nothing Thinking: This is a form of purely thinking in black and white terms with no grey shades. You are either a success or failure, loved, or hated completely no in between.
Discounting the Positive: You fail to recognize positive experiences by insisting they “don’t count.” If you carry out a good job, you may convince yourself that it wasn’t good enough or that everyone could have done so. Discounting the positive kills joy fromlife making one feel inadequate and unappreciated.
Jumping to Conclusions: This is similar to mindreading. One thinks they know what another individual is feeling when, in fact, you do not. This is a distortion because you conclude without considering all the facts.
Mental Filter: This is where single out a negative detail and dwell on it exclusively so that your vision of all reality becomes tainted.
Over-Generalization: a thought pattern that revolves around singling out an adverse event and then applying it to all events and even use it to predict future events. If you made a mistake with your school presentation, you feel you are a terrible student and will always give bad presentations.
Strategies adopted when it comes to CBT treatment include the following;
- Facing fears through, instead of avoiding them.
- Learning to calm one’s mind and relax one’s body.
- Replacing problematic behavior with a new healthier option.
- Using role-playing to prepare for potentially problematic interactions with others.